Phrasal Verbs

Por Roberta Laisa Dantas de Sousa
Os phrasal verbs na Língua Portuguesa são os verbos preposicionados, onde temos uma relação de concordância entre verbo e preposição ou verbo e advérbio. Na situação em questão analisaremos os verbos + preposições. O verbo ganha uma partícula que dará vários significados ao verbo na oração.

Obs: vários dos phrasal verbs abaixo possuem diversos significados, mas listamos apenas os principais.

To Call – chamar
Call for – exigir, requerer.
Exemplo: This work calls for a lot of patience.

Call in – convidar
Call off – cancelar
Exemplo: I'm going to call off my medical appointment because I feel much better now.

Call out – gritar para
Call up – telefonar
Exemplo: They called up the man.

To come – vir
Come across – encontrar por acaso
Come down – descer

Come in – entrar
Come off – sair, desprender-se
Come on – entrar em cena
Come out – sair
Come up – subir, surgir

To get – adquiri, obter
Get along with – dar-se bem com alguém
Get away – escapar
Get away with – safar-se
Get in – entrar
Get into – entrar
Get off – descer, apesar de
Get on – subir, montar
Get on with – continuar
Get out – sair
Exemplo: Get out of here!

Get over – superar, livra-se de
Get over with – terminar, acabar
Get up – levantar-se
Exemplo: I usually get up early.

To give - dar
Give away – doar
Exemplo: She gave away her old dress.

Give back – devolver
Give in – ceder, entregar-se
Give off – exalar
Give onto – dar para
Give up – desistir

To go – ir
Go after – ir atrás, perseguir
Go at – atacar lançar-se sobre
Go away – ir embora
Go down – descer
Go for – ir buscar
Go off – explodir
Go on – continuar
Go out – sair
Go over – rever, repassar
Go with – combinar com
Go up – subir

To look – olhar
Look after – cuidar de
Exemplo: Could you look after the children this evening?

Look at – olhar para
Look down on – menosprezar
Look for – procurar
Exemplo: What are you looking for?

Look forward – aguardar ansiosamente
Look into – examinar, analisar
Look out – tomar cuidado
Look up – consultar (livro, literatura)
Look up to – admirar
Exemplo: You have to look up the dollar exchange rate every day.

To make - fazer
Make into – transformar
Make off – fugir, escapar
Make out – preencher (cheque)
Make out – entender, captar
Make up – inventar, criar
Exemplo: You can attend classes on Saturdays to make up for the classes you missed.

Make up – fazer as pazes

To put – pôr, colocar
Put aside – guardar, economizar
Put away – guardar, pôr no lugar
Put off – adiar
Exemplo: I think I'll have to put off my dental appointment.

Put on – vestir
Put out – pôr para fora
Exemplo: The firemen put out the fire.

Put up – hospedar
Put up with – tolerar, suportar
To run – correr
Run after – correr atrás
Run away – fugir
Run down – escorrer
Run into – encontrar inesperadamente
Run out of – ficar sem
Run over – atropelar
Exemplo: He ran over my bicycle with his car.

To take – tomar, levar
Take after – puxar, assemelhar-se
Take away – levar embora
Exemplo: Take it away from here.

Take down – derrubar
Take in – enganar
Take off – tirar
Exemplo: Take your coat off!

Take on – contratar
Take out – levar para fora
Exemplo: I'm going to drink tonight and don't try to talk me out of it.

Take over – assumir chefia, direção