Verbo To Be

Por Roberta de Sousa
Uma tradução ao “pé da letra” para to be tem em português o verbo ser e estar, em algumas situações o verbo ficar.

Paul is my brother. (Paul é meu irmão)
No presente podemos variar o verbo “to be”, depende da pessoa:

PESSOA TO BE
I AM
YOU ARE
HE IS
SHE IS
IT IS
WE ARE
YOU ARE
THEY ARE

Exemplos:

She is a good girl. (Ela é uma boa garota)
Robert and Peter are my friends. (Robert e Peter são meus amigos)
My dog is a Dalmatian. (Meu cão é um dálmata)

No passado podemos utilizar o verbo “to be” das seguintes maneiras:

PESSOA TO BE
I WAS
YOU WERE
HE WAS
SHE WAS
IT WAS
WE WERE
YOU WERE
THEY WERE

Exemplos:
It was raining yesterday. (estava chovendo ontem)
They were in the kitchen. (eles estavam na cozinha)

No futuro do presente usa-se o Will com o verbo “to be”:

PESSOA WILL + TO BE
I WILL BE
YOU WILL BE
HE WILL BE
SHE WILL BE
IT WILL BE
WE WILL BE
YOU WILL BE
THEY WILL BE

Exemplos:
I will be there at five o´clock. (estarei lá às cinco horas)
Carol will be at home tomorrow. (Carol estará em casa amanhã)
Your mother will be very beautiful. (Sua mãe ficará muito bonita)

No futuro do pretérito usa o would + to be:

PESSOA WOULD + TO BE
I WOULD BE
YOU WOULD BE
HE WOULD BE
SHE WOULD BE
IT WOULD BE
WE WOULD BE
YOU WOULD BE
THEY WOULD BE

Ex.:

I would be very grateful to you. (eu ficaria muito grato(a) à você)